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中国保定宣言:数字时代的全球传播共识

2015-07-01 13:59  来源:中国广播网 
2015-07-01 13:59:25 来源:中国广播网 作者: 责任编辑:李平沙

  中国保定宣言:数字时代的全球传播共识

  大数据与全球传播变革国际研讨会

  2015年6月27日

  中国保定

  古希腊哲学家毕达哥拉斯说,“数是万物的本原”。

  科学始于数据,让数据造福人类,用数字更好地传播真理是我们永恒的追求!

  信息作为一种资源自古就存在,信息就是物质,信息通过电子化数字化无限增值。1800年,伏特发明了世界上第一块电池,1946年,人类发明第一台电脑,伴随电脑、互联网时代到来,信息成为可生产、交换、传播的商品。从此将人类社会转变成一个数字社会,人类成为数字数据的创造者、保管者、传递者、浏览者。晶体管、集成电路、个人电脑、互联网、浏览器、搜索引擎、智能手机、社交网络、可穿戴设备、3D打印比过去基于蔡伦、毕升、古登堡时代传统印刷纸面社会更为丰富、多元、有效。不到半个世纪,人类存储的数据量以数千倍在增长,数据传输速度从数天缩短到数毫秒,提升达9个数量级,这些数据将世界万物编码成为布尔代数,整个现实世界通过数字化编码在互联网络以光速传输、成为全球拥有、共享、传播的大数据海量信息。

  据统计,2013年全球生成300亿个网页,2014年全球手机用户52亿,互联网用户28亿,占全球人口39%,美国和中国互联网人口占全球10%和23%,全球15大互联网上市公司美国11家、中国4家公司,总市值2.416万亿美元。

  全球大数据已对GDP贡献达270亿美元。Gartner公司预测,大数据技术在5-10年成为普遍采用的主流技术。

  大数据是人类信息社会进入新阶段的标志,对整个人类经济转型将发挥革命性引领、带动作用。

  大数据通过量化一切而实现世界的数据化,带来了全新的大数据世界观。

  从工业文明诞生并走向未来的全球传播如何适应信息文明时代新要求?这既是全球传播界面向未来的新机遇,也是人类急需超越历史路径依赖的新课题、更是广大新闻工作者走进未来新蓝海的新使命!

  短短三个世纪,人类横跨农业文明、工业文明、信息文明三次浪潮。

  信息社会的本质是信息成为普遍的商品,经过五千年文明史的人类在短短五十年时间,要跨过信息资源到信息应用的鸿沟。

  根据《开放数据宪章》,各国优先开放高价值的数据,包括地理空间、统计、福利、交通和基础设施、科研和司法安全、教育、能源环境、政府责任和民主、全球发展等涉及民生的14类数据,全球传播界急需构建一个全球参与、开发、利用的开放大数据生态传播系统,让公众分享大数据的价值,让大数据信息消费的红利为全球共享。

  据统计,2015年全球信息社会指数为0.5494,正在从工业社会向信息社会加速转型,专家预计人类2018年进入信息社会。

  中国互联网经济占GDP比重4.4%,已超过美国、法国和德国,达到全球领先国家水平。要实现两个百年发展目标,2021年中国人均信息消费将接近1000美元,2049年中国人均信息消费将超过3000美元,成为世界最大信息经济体。

  互联网+大数据正在重塑人与人之间的信息传播,我们--中国中央人民广播电台国家社科基金重大项目《网络文化建设研究—建设中国特色社会主义文化强国对策建议》课题组联合河北大学新闻传播学院、世界媒介素养峰会、美国大数据咨询公司维思(VESS)、美国太平洋大学传播学系、河北省传媒与社会发展研究中心、中国科技新闻学会网络媒体专业委员会、中国社科院世界传播研究中心、中国网络传播学会、中国科技大学传播学系共同提出四点倡议:

  一、主动拥抱数字化新时代,大力推进互联网+大数据创新驱动繁荣发展,提高人类生产力、推动信息经济增长。

  二、以和谐的法律和国际标准提升网络安全,开发网络空间稳定和数据安全隐私保护标准,创造可信、负责任、可持续发展的传播环境。

  三、提升面向未来的大数据媒介国民素养,改变和完善现有教育体系,推动以大数据、万物互联、云计算为创新经济引擎的研究教育投资,帮助青年学生满足全球经济的需求。

  四、发起建立跨地域、跨行业、跨国界的全球大数据与全球传播变革创新研究协作联盟,共同致力于促进全球自由贸易,实现开放、自由、多边、透明的数字地球传播新秩序。

  Baoding Declaration, China

  Global Communication Consensus in the Digital Age

  June 27th, 2015

  The ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras believed that, "the number is the origin of all things".

  Science begins with data, so that data can benefit mankind. Over the years, spreading the truth is our eternal pursuit!

  As a resource, information has been materially existed since ancient times, rising in value through electronization and digitization. In 1800, Volta invented the world's first battery. In1946, the first computer was invented by man. With the arrival of the age of computer and the Internet, information has become commodities that can be produced, exchanged, and transmitted. Since then, human society has transformed into a digital society, where human beings has become the creators, custodian, transmitter and the reader of digital data. Transistors, integrated circuits, personal computers, the Internet, the world wide web, web browser, search engine, smart phones, social networks, wearable devices and the 3D printing are more diverse, effective and richer, compared with the traditional printing society of Cai Lun, Bi Sheng and Gutenberg. In less than half a century, the amount of storage data has grown by thousands of times, and the speed of data transmission increased from several days to a few milliseconds, reaching 9 orders of magnitude. Thus, these data has encoded everything into the Boolean algebra. Therefore, the whole real world has become a large mass of information data for global sharing and dissemination by digitally encoding in the Internet with the speed of light.

  Back to the year of 2013, the number of global web pages reached 30 billion according to statistics. In 2014, the number of global mobile phone users reached 5.2 billion. Besides, the Internet users reached 2.8 billion accounting for 39% of the global population. Especially, US and Chinese Internet population accounted for 10% and 23% of the world. In the list of top 15 global public internet companies, the United States and China took over 11 and 4 spots respectively, with a total market capitalization of $2.416 trillion. In addition, China's Internet economy accounts for 4.4% of GDP, which surpassed the United States, France and Germany, reaching the level of the world's leading countries.

  Nowadays, big data is a sign of a new stage of human information society. Moreover, Big data will play a leading role of revolution and transformation of human economy.

  What’s more, big data achieved datamation by quantifying everything worldwide, bringing a new world view of big data.

  How to adapt to the new requirements of the information civilization by the promising global communication coming form industrial civilization? This is not only a new opportunity for the global communication, but also a novel topic of how to transcend the historical path urgently by human beings. For journalists, this is definitely a unique mission of embracing future of the new blue ocean.

  Once upon a time, human took only three centuries to stride across three waves of agricultural civilization, industrial civilization and information civilization.

  Information society made information into common commodities. It took just 50 years to fill the gap between the resources and application of information for human, even though the history of human civilization has evolved over five thousand years.

  According to Open Data Charter, the G8 countries have the responsibility to take the priority to release high-quality open data, including the following 14 categories related to the livelihood of the people: Geospatial, Statistics, Mobility and Welfare, Transport and Infrastructure, Science and Research, Crime and Justice, Education, Energy and Environment, Government Accountability and Democracy, and the Global Development. Furthermore, Open Data Charter announce that, global communication is badly in need of building an open big data system, which is involved in the global communication, development and utilization. So that the value and consumption bonus of big data can be shared by the public worldwide.

  Nowadays, the global big data has contributed $27 billion to GDP. Recently, Gartner Inc. predicts that big data technologies will become the mainstream technology in 5-10 years.

  According to statistics, the Global Information Society Index(ISI) is 0.5494 in 2015, which accelerates the transition from an industrial society to an information society. Moreover, Some experts predict that mankind will enter the information society in2018. For China, there are two development goals of hundred years: In 2021, China's Information Consumption Per Capita should be closed to $1000; in 2049, China's Information Consumption Per Capita should exceed $3000. In that case, China will become the world's largest information economy.

  Internet + big data is reshaping the dissemination of information between people. We, China National Radio team of the major program of the National Social Science Foundation of China : Research on Construction of Network Culture - The Countermeasures and Suggestions of Building a Cultural Power with Chinese Socialism Characteristics, and the School of Journalism and Communication of Hebei University, World Summit on Media Literacy, VESS LLC, Department of Communication Studies of University of the Pacific, Hebei Media and Social Research Center, New Media Professional Committee of Chinese Society for Science and Technology Journalism, World Communication Research Center of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China New Media Communication Association, Department of Communication Studies of China University of Technology jointly put forward four proposals:

  Firstly, embrace new digital era imitatively, promote the innovation and development driven by Internet + big data, aiming at improving human productivity and promoting the growth of information economy.

  Secondly, advance network security with harmony law and international standards. Meanwhile, develop the standards of cyberspace stability, data security and privacy protection. Eventually, create and shape credible, responsible and sustainable communication environment.

  Thirdly, improve the national media literacy of big data and change the existing education system. Consequently, promote the research, education and investment which is driven by big data, internet of things and cloud computing, helping young students to meet the needs of the global economy.

  At last, launch the establishment of a cross-regional, cross-industry and global research collaboration alliance which combine with big data and communication innovation, jointly committed to promoting the global free trade, and achieving an open, free, multilateral and transparent digital communication order.

[责任编辑:李平沙]

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